Blepharoplasty in modern cosmetology is a required operation, with the help of which you can change the shape of the eyelids, cut the eyes, tighten the eyelids and eliminate many cosmetic defects in this area of the face.
The procedure involves the removal of excess fat deposits and eyelid skin. Particularly popular is transconjunctival blepharoplasty, which allows you to get rid of fatty hernias with minimal loss, that is, without affecting the skin.
Like any cosmetic procedure, eyelid blepharoplasty has a number of indications:
- drooping eyelid skin (upper and lower);
- "fat bags" in the eye area;
- "old" eyelid;
- ptosis (ptosis) of the lower corners of the eyes, as a result of which their shape changes: the incision is significantly reduced;
- "heavy" eyelids (tired look).
Age-related changes put the seal of time on the eyelids quite early, as the skin around the eyes is very sensitive and soft. After 30 years, many people think of eyelid blepharoplasty as the only salvation from reduction and fat deposits in this area. One should not take this step out of ignorance and fear. And it is completely useless: the procedure is safe, effective and when performed correctly, has a minimum of negative consequences. You just have to get to know him better. True, there are several types of blepharoplasty, each with its own characteristics.
In modern cosmetology, different types of blepharoplasty are distinguished.
1. Correction of eyelids
For many, upper eyelid blepharoplasty becomes a real lifesaver, the main purpose of which is to get rid of congestion. The operation is performed through a skin incision along the crease of the upper eyelid. Removes excess skin. At the request of the patient, they can immediately perform muscle plastic surgery, removal of excess fat.
2. Correction of eyelids
The most popular type is blepharoplasty of the lower eyelids, which eliminates edema, hernias, bags under the eyes. An almost invisible layer runs along the edge of the lashes. This operation is called transcutaneous or subciliary blepharoplasty by doctors. If the doctor chooses a transconjunctival procedure, an incision is made in the inner part of the eyelid. It is possible if you need to redistribute or remove fatty tissue around the eyes, and removal of skin caps is not required. This type of blepharoplasty is most often used by young patients.
3. Circular blepharoplasty
Circular blepharoplasty involves the simultaneous correction of the lower and upper eyelids.
4. Laser blepharoplasty
Many cosmetology clinics today offer an excellent alternative to surgical eyelid augmentation, which is laser blepharoplasty on a variety of devices. Does not require cutting or sewing. The doctor controls the depth of laser penetration and the degree of heating of the epidermis. As a result, tissue damage and rehabilitation are minimized. The technology safely and effectively stimulates the production of new collagen and elastin, thus achieving an uplifting effect. The procedure lasts about 30 minutes, is easily tolerated, does not require anesthesia and does not cause hematoma formation. Only non-surgical blepharoplasty can boast a minimum of side effects.
Furthermore, professional cosmetologists can offer correction of the Asian shape of the eyes in order to create a Caucasian fold. You can do plastic surgery to eliminate exophthalmos (the effect of swollen eyes), cantopexy (raising the lower eyelid to eliminate the sad expression of the eyes). The question of how safe such drastic measures to rejuvenate eyelids are is of interest to all women who need blepharoplasty: complications are possible after almost all cosmetic procedures.
Postoperative side effects mainly depend on the type of eyelid surgery: complications can be early (manifested immediately after surgery) and late.
- Edema that remains on the face for more than a week after blepharoplasty: they may be accompanied by blurred vision, headaches. Bleeding as a result of a small subcutaneous hematoma (blood flowing from a damaged vessel collects under the epidermis), which is eliminated by puncture or suturing of the vessel. In this case, scars, seals, subcutaneous nodules may remain.
- Bleeding can be the result of a hematoma when a large vessel is damaged, when there is an accumulation of blood behind the baby eye. This complication is accompanied by pain, swelling of the eyeball, limited eyelid mobility. Threatens glaucoma or temporary loss of vision.
- Overturning the lower eyelid inside, excessive "opening" of the eye, drying it. In this case, special exercises are prescribed, massage to train the circular muscles of the eye. Sometimes supportive sutures are applied and surgery is possible.
- An infection that will require a course of antibiotic therapy.
- Changing the stitches will cause the stitches to stitch again.
- Cysts form, which sometimes disappear on their own, otherwise they are removed by a specialist.
- Lacrimation due to narrowing of the lacrimal ducts.
- Unpleasant sensation of hot eye.
- Dry keratoconjunctivitis (simultaneous inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea).
- Blepharptosis (drop of the upper eyelid).
All of the listed complications of eyelid blepharoplasty require additional therapy and repeated medical intervention. However, because of this, you should not abandon a useful and important surgery that restores youth. Blepharoplasty effectively and within a short time solves the most painful problems: removes fatty tissue and excess skin around the eyes, reduces the appearance of age-related changes, performs plastic surgery of the muscles of this part of the face, changes the shape and formof the eye, eliminates acquired and congenital defects of the eyelid. With such indicators, it is a sin not to take advantage of the unique chance to give the eyes a second youth and freshness of radiance.